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Edited by: 

Benedetto Lepori, Università della Svizzera italiana

Ben Jongbloed, University of Twente

Diana Hicks, Georgia Institute of Technology

This Website provides advance access to pre-prints of the individual chapters of the Handbook, due to be published by Edward Elgar in 2023.

To be quoted as: Lepori B., Jongbloed B., & Hicks D. (2023). Handbook of Public Research Funding. Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd., Cheltenham.

A unique handbook addressing the radical changes public research and universities have witnessed during the last 20 years. Unique also by its national, organisational and individual analyses of transformations. Unique finally by its ability to question established categories (e.g. top-down vs bottom-up, or basic vs applied).

Philippe Laredo 
Université Gustave Eiffel, France 
and University of Manchester, UK


1. Public research funding: an overview and some core questions ​

    Benedetto Lepori, Ben Jongbloed, and Diana Hicks

Public policies and research funding

2. What is public about public research? The case of COVID-19 R&D

    Barry Bozeman

3. Motivations guiding public research funding in science, technology and innovation (STI) policy: a synthesis

    Aixa Y. Alemán-Díaz

4. Politics of public research funding: the case of the European Union

    Inga Ulnicane

Policy mixes in public research funding: layering and complexity

5. Ideas and instruments in public research funding

    Giliberto Capano

6. Performance-based research funding and its impacts on research organisations

    Gunnar Sivertsen

7. R&D programs as instruments for governmental R&D funding policy

    Emanuela Reale, Magnus Gulbrandsen, and Thomas Scherngell

8. Size matters! On the implications of increasing the size of research grants

    Carter Bloch, Alexander Kladakis, and Mads P. Sørensen

9. Potentials and limitations of program-based research funding for the transformation of research systems

    Susanne Bührer, Sarah Seus, and Rainer Walz

10. Targeting research to address societal needs: what can we learn from 30 years of targeting neglected diseases?

    Josie Coburn, Ohid Yaqub, and Joanna Chataway

11. The construction of competition in public research funding systems

    Stefan Arora-Jonsson, Nils Brunsson, and Peter Edlund

Interaction of funding systems with organisational structures and hierarchies

12. Incentives, rationales, and expected impact. Linking performance-based research funding to internal funding distributions of universities

    Jussi Kivistö and Charles Mathies

13. Research funding in the context of high institutional stratification. Policy scenarios for Europe based on insights from the United States

    Arlette Jappe and Thomas Heinze

14. Public research organisations and public research funding

    Laura Cruz-Castro and Luis Sanz-Menéndez

Researchers’ interaction with the funding environment

15. Reframing study of research(er) funding towards configurations and trails

    Duncan A. Thomas and Irene Ramos-Vielba

16. Researchers' responses to their funding situation

    Grit Laudel

17. Gender and underrepresented minorities differences in research funding

    Laura Cruz-Castro, Donna K. Ginther, and Luis Sanz-Menéndez

18. Research funding and scientific careers

    Julia Melkers, Richard Woolley, and Quintin Kreth

19. Funding and academics’ scholarly performance

    Hugo Horta and Huan Li

System perspectives and country variations

20. Context matters: conceptualising research funding policies through the lens of the varieties of academic capitalism approach

    Olivier Bégin-Caouette, Silvia Mirlene Nakano Koga, and Emanuelle Maltais

21. System level insights on public funding of research from emerging economies

    Juan Rogers

22. Public research funding in Asian latecomer countries: developmental legacy and dilemmas

    So Young Kim





Benedetto Lepori obtained is PhD at the Faculty of Communication of the Università della Svizzera Italiana in Lugano with a thesis on the Swiss research policy and is currently Titular professor at the Institute of Communication and Public Policy of the same university. He is a recognized scholar in the field of research policy and higher education; among his major contributions have been the development of indicators for the analysis of public research funding and the development of the European Tertiary Education Register, the reference database of European higher education. He has published nearly 100 papers in leading international journals in the field, such as Research Policy, Organization Studies, Accounting, Organization and Society, Studies in Higher Education, Science and Public Policy.




Ben Jongbloed is Senior Research Associate in the Center for Higher Education Policy Studies (CHEPS) of the University of Twente in the Netherlands. He has worked at CHEPS for almost 30 years and published extensively on governance and resource allocation in higher education. Ben also teaches public policy and higher education economics in the University of Twente and Oslo University, and he regularly supervises students and PhD candidates working on their thesis. Ben has been involved in several national and international research projects for clients such as the European Commission, the OECD, and national ministries. Ben was part of the team that developed U-Multirank - an alternative to the existing global rankings in higher education. His recent work is on performance-based funding and embedding entrepreneurship and sustainability in higher education.




Diana Hicks is Professor in the School of Public Policy, Georgia Institute of Technology specializing in metrics for science and technology policy. She was the first author on the Leiden Manifesto for research metrics published in Nature, translated into 25 languages and awarded the 2016 Ziman award of the European Association for the Study of Science and Technology (EASST) for collaborative promotion of public interaction with science and technology. She co-chairs the biennial international Atlanta Conference on Science and Innovation Policy and was an editor of Research Evaluation. Prof. Hicks has also taught at the Haas School of Business at the University of California, Berkeley; SPRU, University of Sussex, and worked at NISTEP in Tokyo. In 2018 she was elected fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).



by B. Lepori, B. Jongbloed and D. Hicks (Eds.)

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